HSA Rollover: What To Tell Your Employees
There are numerous decisions that both employees and employers must make when it comes to healthcare plans. One particularly common area of concern is handling HSA rollovers during the transition from one year to the next.
HSA rollover: the basics
HSAs (Healthcare Savings Accounts) are popular with employees that subscribe to high-deductible health insurance policies. For 2018, a high-deductible health plan (HDHP) is defined as one whose minimum deductible is $1,350 for individuals and $2,600 for families. Employees often choose HDHPs if they are seeking lower monthly premiums, but the exact reasons may vary.
HSAs allow employees to invest money from their paychecks in order to fund future medical, dental, and vision treatments. HSAs are considered “triple tax free”- they are funded with pre-tax income, grow tax-deferred, and employees can withdraw from them tax-free so long as the funds are used to pay for medical expenses. These funds are often critical for defraying the cost of expenses that are not paid by their insurance policy.
One key benefit of HSAs is that funds automatically rollover from year to year keeping past investments within reach to pay for future medical expenses. This is particularly important with regards to HSAs, as employees can only contribute a limited amount each year to their accounts otherwise.
Two types of HSA rollovers
The “garden variety” HSA rollover requires no action on the employee’s part; the funds seamlessly shift from year to year and are available when needed. More importantly, the beginning of each new year resets contribution limits and lets employees begin adding funds to their accounts again.
However, in IRS jargon, an HSA rollover can have another meaning—the transfer of a balance from one HSA to another. These types of rollovers carry two caveats as outlined by the IRS:
- Only one rollover is allowed per one-year period. It should be noted that this year starts the day you initiate the rollover by withdrawing funds from the original HSA. If you initiate the rollover on January 3rd, you won’t be able to rollover again until the same date next year.
- Once you initiate the rollover, you have 60 days to deposit the funds into your new HSA before risking taxation on the funds.
Per IRS Publication 969: Please note – If you instruct the trustee of your HSA to transfer funds directly to the trustee of another of your HSAs, the transfer is not considered a rollover. There is no limit on the number of these transfers. Do not include the amount transferred in income, deduct it as a contribution, or include it as a distribution on Form 8889.
What do I tell employees about an HSA rollover?
If employees are happy with their current HSA, they don’t need to do anything at all - their money is protected from taxes and their funds will continue to grow. Most importantly, the onset of a new year means that their contribution limits have been reset. In 2018, individuals can contribute a maximum of $3,450, while families can contribute up to $6,900.
However, if an employee is looking to rollover their HSA into a new, separate account, it’s advisable to inform them of the IRS’ stipulations, as well as to warn them about any potential fees they may encounter when withdrawing their balance.
Categorized in: HSA